Tuesday, April 17, 2007




(1) Which of the following are true about Maslow’s Theory of Hierarchy of Needs?

1. it is the first systematic theory of motivation

2. it was propounded in 1944

3. it views hierarchy of needs as water tight departments

4. it is based on the idea of prepotency of needs

(a) 1,2 and 4

(b) 2,3 and 4

(c) 1 and 4

(d) 2 and 4

(2) Which of the following pairs is correctly matched with regard to the theories of motivation?

(a) Goal Setting Theory - William Ouchi and Alfred Jaeger

(b) Theory Z - David McClelland

(C) Achievement Motive - Edwin Lockie

(d) Attribution Theory - Harold Kelley

(3) Which of the following are true about Herzberg’s hygiene factors?

1. They are also known as maintenance factors

2. Their presence leads to satisfaction

3. they reflect the Adam nature of man

4. Company policy and administration is the most important hygiene factor

(a) 1 and 3

(b) 1,3 and 4

(c) 3 and 4

(d) 2,3 and 4

(4) The traditional theory of motivation is

(a) path-goal

(b) participation

(c) motivation-hygiene

(d) fear and punishment

(5) What is the correct chronological sequence in which the following viewpoints and theories emerged?

1. Existence, Relatedness, Growth (ERG) Theory of Needs (Alderfer)

2. Hierarchy of needs (Maslow)

3. Motivation seen as part of complex human behaviour (Elton Mayo)

4. Satisfaction – Dissatisfaction theory of Motivation (Herzberg)

Choose the correct answer from the codes given below:

(a) 1,2,3,4

(b) 2,4,3,1

(c) 3,1,4,2

(d) 3,2,1,4

(6) Which of the following are points of criticism made by critics of Mayo?

1. He ignored theory

2. He neglected empiricism

3. He was not pro-management

4. He paved the way for workers’ manipulation

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(a) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 3 and 4

(d) 1 and 4

(7) Which one of the following is not a proposition in Theory X?

(a) Human beings wishes to avoid responsibility

(b) Human beings have an inherent liking for work

(c) Human beings must be coerced for working

(d) Human beings must be threatened with punishment

(8) Assertion: Theory ‘Y’ suggests a new approach and emphasises the co-operative effort of management and employees

Reason: Theory ‘Y’ emphasises that most people have little capacity for creativity

(9) Assertion: McGregor’s Theory ‘Y’ is based on the external control of human behaviour

Reason: Theory ‘Y’ is characterized by decentralisation of authority.

(10) Vroom criticised content theories of motivation as

(a) not applicable to real life situations

(b) inadequate explanations of the complex process of work motivation

(c) more philosophical in their approach

(d) none of the above

(11) A budget helps

(a) The judiciary to review the legal position of the government

(b) Focus legislative attention on the relation of the total expenditure needs to the total prospective revenues

(c) The executive to create surpluses where they do not exist

(d) The public to expect more expenditure being incurred on social welfare activities

(12) The principle that no tax can be imposed except with the authority of the legislature is provided by the following article of the Constitution?

(a) Article 165

(b) Article 265

(c) Article 280

(d) Article 275

(13) The word ‘Budget’ is mentioned in which of the following article sof the Constitution of India

(a) Art. 266

(b) Art. 112

(c) Art. 265

(d) None

(14) No demand for grants need be made to legislature in cause of the following type of expenditure

(a) Developmental expenditure

(b) Charged expenditure

(c) Voted expenditure

(d) None of the above

(15) The Contingency Fund of India Act was enacted in the year

(a) 1947

(b) 1950

(c) 1951

(d) 1949

(16) The emoluments and allowances of the President and other expenditure relating to this office are charged to the

(a) Consolidated Fund

(b) Contingency Fund

(c) Public Account

(d) Treasury

(17) The Comptroller and Auditor General of India performs the following function in government budgeting

(a) Presentation and Sanction of the Budget

(b) Execution of the Budget

(c) National Accounting

(d) Audit

(18) All appropriations voted by the legislature expire at the close of the financial year. This is known as

(a) Close budgeting

(b) Rule of Lapse

(c) Gross Budgeting

(d) Net Budgeting

(19) It means keeping a systematic record of financial transactions whether of a public authority, or private concern of individual. The reference is to

(a) Planning

(b) Co-ordination

(c) Accounting

(d) Audit

(20) The form of accounts to be kept by the Government of India is prescribed by the

(a) Planning Commission

(b) National Sample Survey

(c) Central Statistical Organisation

(d) Comptroller and Auditor General of India

(1) c

(2) c

(3) c

(4) d

(5) d

(6) d

(7) d

(8) c

(9) d

(10) b

(11) b

(12) b

(13) d

(14) b

(15) b

(16) a

(17) d

(18) b

(19) c

(20) d

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