Saturday, November 29, 2008
Sunday, November 23, 2008
Sunday, November 23, 2008
Saturday, November 22, 2008
Friday, November 21, 2008
Egypt's President Hosni Mubarak was conferred the Jawaharlal Nehru Award for International Understanding by President Pratibha Patil in New Delhi on Tuesday, around 13 years after it was announced.
Mubarak was honoured for his "unique role in providing stability and progress to his country, in upholding the Arab cause, in promoting peace and understanding in the region".
The award, which carries Rs 25 lakh in cash and a citation, was conferred at a glittering function attended by Vice President Hamid Ansari, Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, his senior cabinet colleagues among others.
"President Mubarak's unflinching commitment to peace as a considered choice for the West Asian region is well recognised," Patil said.
Accepting the award, Mubarak recalled that the Indo-Egyptian ties went back to the Nehru-Nasser era, which saw the birth of the Non-Aligned Movement.
"It is a real honour to receive an award named after this great leader, and I shall always cherish its value, significance and meaning," he said.
Mubarak said in the face of varied challenges from the economic crisis to international terrorism "the need is greater than ever to further enhance our relations and strengthen our partnership".
The Award is being given away annually since 1965 for outstanding contribution to the promotion of international understanding, goodwill and friendship among peoples of the world
Thursday, November 20, 2008
NEW DELHI: Nobel laureate and Director-General of the International Atomic Energy Agency Mohamed ElBaradei has been chosen to receive the Indira Gandhi Prize for Peace, Disarmament and Development for 2008.
An international jury, chaired by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, announced its decision on Wednesday to honour Dr. ElBaradei for his impassioned opposition to the use of nuclear energy for military purposes and for his steadfast espousal of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, sustained over many years, according to Suman Dubey, secretary of the Indira Gandhi Memorial Trust.‘No’ to nukes
Dr. ElBaradei has consistently argued that states should move away from reliance on nuclear weapons. He advocates a collective, rule-based system of international security.
Thursday, November 20, 2008
Wednesday, November 19, 2008
Main points from G20 leaders communiqué(
Washington ) Summit
G20 leaders agreed to take rapid action, including fiscal stimulus measures as needed, to stabilize financial markets and restore growth in worsening global economy, according to a draft communique.
They also support giving emerging markets more say in the global financial order.
- Fiscal measures to boost demand rapidly
- Monetary policy steps as appropriate
- More funds for the IMF to support emerging economies
- Strive for breakthrough this year in the
- Reform of Bretton Woods institutions to give emerging economies more of a voice in line with their changing economic weight
- College of supervisors to review major global banks
- Review of accountancy standards, CEO pay, bankruptcy rules, credit rating agencies and moving credit default swaps to exchange trading
G20 finance ministers were instructed to work on specifics by March 31, 2009, ahead of the next summit.
A smart approach to public health (Smart card- egovernance)
Tuesday, November 18, 2008
Sunday, November 16, 2008
Saturday, November 15, 2008
Opening up new options (Shaurya and others)
Three points will be highlighted by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh at the Summit on Financial Markets and the World Economy, which is being held in Washington on November 14 and 15. The first point is the need for greater inclusivity in the international financial system. The second is the need to ensure that developing country growth prospects do not suffer. The third is the need to avoid protectionist tendencies.
Friday, November 14, 2008
Friday, November 14, 2008
SC Verdict: Arts.21,22,32 and 226
The reputation of a person is a facet of his ‘right to life’ under Article 21 of the Constitution and to protect this right, illegal preventive detention orders can be quashed even at pre-execution stage through habeas corpus petitions, the Supreme Court has held.
“If a person against whom a prevention detention order has been passed can show to the court that the order is clearly illegal, why should he be compelled to go to jail? To tell such a person that although such a detention order is illegal he must yet go to jail and he will be released later is a meaningless and futile exercise,” said a Bench consisting of Justices Altamas Kabir and Markandey Katju on Wednesday.
Writing the judgment, Justice Katju said: Article 21, which gives the right of life and liberty, is the most fundamental of all Fundamental Rights in the Constitution. Though, no doubt, restrictions can be placed on these rights in the interest of public order, security of the state, etc, they are not to be lightly transgressed.”
The Bench said: “If a person is sent to jail then even if he is subsequently released, his reputation may be irreparably tarnished. The liberty of a person is a precious fundamental right under Article 21 and should not be transgressed.”
Quoting a sloka from the Gita which says, “For a self-respecting man, death is preferable to dishonour,” the Bench said: “If a person against whom a preventive detention order has been passed comes to court at the pre-execution stage and satisfies that the order is clearly illegal, there is no reason why the court should stay its hand and compel the petitioner to go to jail even though he is bound to be released subsequently [since the detention order was illegal].”
Writ of habeas corpus
On the contention that a writ of habeas corpus would lie only when there was illegal detention, the Bench said: “We regret we cannot agree. Firstly, Article 226 and Article 32 permit the High Court and the Supreme Court to not only issue the writs which were traditionally issued by British courts but these Articles give much wider powers to this court and the High Court. Hence, even if the petitioner is not in detention, a writ of certiorari and/or mandamus can be issued.”
The Bench said: “The celebrated writ of habeas corpus has been described as ‘a great constitutional privilege of the citizen’ or ‘the first security of civil liberty.’ The imperative necessity to protect those precious rights is a lesson taught by all history and all human experience. Our founding fathers have lived through bitter years of the freedom struggle and seen an alien government trample upon the human rights of our citizens.”
Detention set aside
In the instant case, the
Thursday, November 13, 2008
The two-stage missile took off from a silo at 11.25 a.m. and reached its targeted site 600 km away in the
It is the land version of the underwater-launched missile called K-15 (Sagarika), which was fired in February 2008 from an underwater pontoon.
Shourya is a product of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and its Programme Director is A.K. Chakrabarti. M. Natarajan, Scientific Adviser to the Defence Minister, was at Balasore to watch the launch.
The flight-test of Shourya is a significant milestone in building capability for the nation in the field of missiles both for strategic and tactical applications. Just as the K-15 (Sagarika) missile could rise from the water and knife into the air, Shourya could lift off from a silo on the ground and pierce the sky. Since the missile is fired from underground, it cannot be detected by conventional satellite imaging.
Both its stages were powered by solid propellants.
While the K-15 missile has an underwater booster and an air booster, Shourya has a booster underground and an air booster.